Maria Zambrano/Zambrana
Feminism, Philosophy of Poetry,
Virtue Ethics, Political Philosophy

Kate Lindemann's 

Women Philosophers


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Maria Zambrano

Chronology 1904 - 1991

  • 1904 - April 22 born in Malaga province, Spain.
  • 1907 Her family moved to Jaen and then Segovia
  • She attend Madrid University and studied philosophy pf Ortega and Zubini. She was politically active during these years.
  • 1936 She obtained a position teaching at Madrid Univeristy. In this year she married Alfonso Rodriguez Aldave who was the Secretary to the Spanish Embassy in Santiago, Chile.
  • At the end of the Spanish Civil war she took a position as professor at the University of Morelea, Mexico.
  • She traveled to and taught in Cuba.
  • 1966 Her work was recognized in Spain when "Los sueños de María Zambrano" was published in Revista de Occidente
  • 1981 She was awarded the Prince of Asturia award
  • 1983 She was named Doctor Honoris Causea by Malaga Univerity
  • 1984 Returned to Madrid Spain
  • 1991 Maria Zambrano dies.

There is a video about her on YOUTube Maria Zambrano - Part 1 If you check the right hand boxes, you will find additional videos in this series.

Major Works:

  • 1930 Horizontes del liberalismo (The Horizons of Liberalism)
  • 1934 Hacia un saber del alma (Understanding the soul)
  • 1940 Filosofia y poesía (Philosophy and Poetry) Excerpts in English. 
  • 1945 La agonía de Europa (The Agony of Europe)
  • 1950 Hacia un saber sobre al alma (Towards a Knowledge of the Soul)
  • 1953 El hombre y lo divino (The Human and the Divine)
  • 1959 Persona y democracia (Person and Democracy)
  • 1967 La tumba de Antígones (Antigones's Tomb)
  • 1977 Claros del bosque (Clearings in the Forest)
  • 1986 De la aurora (On the Dawning)
  • 1986 El reposo de la luz (Light's Out)
  • 1989 Para una historia de la piedad (Towards a history of Piety)
  • 1989 Delirio y destino (written in 1953; published in 1989), translated by Carol Maier, with a commentary by Roberta Johnson and Delirium and Destiny: A Spaniard in Her Twenties (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999)
  • Cartas de la Pièce. Correspondencia con Agustín Andreu (published in 2002)
  • 2003 Unamuno (written in 1940; published posthumously)

Secondary Sources:

  • Bush,Andrew."María Zambrano and the Survival of Antigone," diacritics 34 (3–4) (2004): 90–111.


I thank Sheilah Fernandez, of New York for sending me the name of this philosopher and some basic information about Maria Zambrano.

Maria Zambrano is among more than 100 women featured in A Pictorial History of Women Philosophers photo album

and is among the 40 women featured in

Busted!! A Pictorial History of Women Philosophers, Volume 4.

This page was last updated 12/13/14.

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